At age 13, Ahed won the Handala Courage Award in Turkey, and rose to worldwide prominence after a video and series of photos were published of the young activist and her mother and aunt desperately attempting to save her injured brother Mohammad, then 11-years old, from being arrested by Israeli forces in 2015.
It is alleged that Ahed was arrested for slapping a soldier during a demonstration the day before.
Reacting to the incident, Israeli military said; "Several Palestinians entered a nearby home and continued throwing rocks at soldiers from inside the home with its occupants' consent".
Ahed's father, mother and brothers had been repeatedly arrested by Israeli forces for their opposition to the decades-long occupation of Palestinian territories.
Israeli soldiers forced their way into the Nariman and Bassem Tamimi's home before dawn on Tuesday, the way they have done dozens of times before - only this time instead of leaving with Nariman or Bassem, they arrested the couple's 16-year-old daughter, Ahed Tamimi.
Nabi Saleh could have been an inconsequential village with a population of about 600 in the middle of Ramallah's rolling hills if not for a small fresh water spring called Ein al-Qaws and a determined community unwilling to back down.
Palestinian Presidency Calls US Veto a Mockery of the International Community
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked Haley and Trump in a Facebook video, saying: "You lit a candle of truth". And it would have called for intensified and accelerated worldwide and regional efforts to achieve Middle East peace.
The army had also posted that "It was wrong not to arrest her immediately, because she tried to block the soldiers' mission".
Tamimi is an icon for many Palestinians, but some members of Israel's far-right accuse her and her family of deliberately using social media to discredit Israel and portray it in the worst light possible. Her arrest is not so surprising to anyone familiar with the Tamimis.
Ahed was handcuffed and led by the soldiers outside to an Israeli army jeep. After a six-hour surgery the boy was put into a medically induced coma for at least 72 hours.
"Palestinian women caught hitting, pushing and cursing Israeli soldiers in order to provoke them to respond on camera". As the daughter of parents who are leading activists in the popular struggle against the occupation in the village of Nabi Saleh, she has been part of the struggle her entire life.
"The blood was pouring from his face like a fountain", the 43-year-old mother of four said on Sunday.
"This has given us the message that everyone now is being targeted - men, women, and children", she said.