The government-commissioned survey, Swachh Survekshan 2017, was released by Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu on Thursday, which rated 434 cities for cleanliness in January and February.
In Kerala, of the nine cities surveyed, best rank of 254 was for Kozhikode and four were among the bottom 100. Bengaluru City ranked 210 place in the country indicating the city is not up to mark in its cleanliness.
Gujarat, as a state, has the highest number of clean cities (12) in the top 50, followed by Madhya Pradesh (11) and Andhra Pradesh (eight).
Capital New Delhi comes seventh in the rankings, and cities in Uttar Pradesh fare the worst.
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Swachh Survekshan-2017 aimed at capturing the outcomes on ground of the ongoing efforts to make urban areas Open Defecation Free and to improve door-to-door collection, processing and disposal of Municipal Solid Waste. Mysuru which bagged first place in 2014 and 2016 survey, slipped to fifth place this time. Bhusawal in Maharashtra is a rank above. It was ranked 32, a dramatic improvement from 2014 when it was close to the bottom at 418 among 476 cities. Bihar has 19 out of 27 cities ranking beyond 300.
He also expressed concerns over condition of Uttar Pradesh where Yogi Adityanath's government took charge in March.
The minister stressed that the rankings were not announced to point finger at anyone. This is the second survey conducted to know the effects of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan across the country.
"Our objective is to show that where do they stand in cleanliness and what do they need to learn from others", he said. Feedback from citizens account for 30% of the scoring with other data being provided by the municipal corporations. All the cities that were included in the survey have a population of over 1 lakh. West Bengal did not join the exercise as Mamata Banerjee believes the survey findings will be doctored to suit the propaganda of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) ruling at the Centre.